Rural change south of the river Bride in counties Cork and Waterford: The surveyors' evidence 1716–1851

Patrick O'Flanagan

Abstract


Estate studies in Irish historical geography have been often designed to confirm or contrast local trends of development with those previously identified at the regional or sub-regional level. To date, little attention has been awarded to estate maps in studies of rural landscape change. It is a theme of this paper that the results yielded from a careful study of such estate maps can throw light on the results of the activities of the majority of estate residents. In this regard, it is fortunate that at Lismore surveys of the estate in 1716–17 and 1773–4 have survived, and a nineteenth century dimension is added by an analysis of the Valuation Office maps for 1851. This work is focused on a study of critical indicators of change, notably leasing arrangements, farm size, rate and type of enclosure, infrastructural development and settlement growth. These changes are reviewed within the framework of the dialectic that developed between landlord or landlord-inspired management policies and the forces released locally by the vast bulk of the population. Broadly this analysis indicates some of the potential rewards which may be secured by detailed scrutiny of estate maps in conjunction with other estate records.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2014/igj.v15i1.765

URN: http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:irg:ie:0000-igj.v15i1.7658

URN (PDF): http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:irg:ie:0000-igj.v15i1.765.g6304

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